Scoliosis is defined as having an abnormal curve of the spine when looking at someone from the front or back. Although it specifically related to the bone structure seen on an x-ray of the back, scoliosis can be detected by muscle imbalances and postural irregularities. Abnormal (left); Normal (right).
Many factors can lead to scoliosis. Inheritance plays a significant role, but other factors such as diet and abnormal physical stresses will also play a role. Scoliosis is most distinct during the rapid growth stage of 8 years old until 22, when eventually the bones of the spine stop growing.
The most common signs of scoliosis when looking at a standing adolescent would be leaning to one side, having one shoulder higher than the other, having one leg and foot rotated out, non-traumatic pain next to the back that does not go away with rest, and increased pain with exercise. In the early stages of scoliosis there is usually no pain or other symptoms. With progression, symptoms can become more frequent, and signs more obvious.
To restore normal symmetry of the spine requires the use of carefully prescribed exercises, spinal alignment, bracing, and/or surgery in severe cases.
Early detection and prevention of scoliosis allows the least physical complications as one continues to grow and mature.
Watch these 4 videos in this post understand how to prevent and correct scoliosis: